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Amino acid profiles of fish tissues and fish eggs have been extensively investigated in some fish species. Amino acid profiles are helpful in quantifying the indispensable amino acid requirements for these fish. Bluegill is a major forage fish for the largemouth bass (Micropterus samoides) and an important recreational fish throughout the US. The demand for bleugill as a food fish has increased recently. However, the information on the amino acid profiles of its eggs and tissues is lacking. The objectve of this study was to determine the amino acid profiles of the muscles and whole body of the 1-2 g wild and the commercially fed bluegill. Wild fish were obtained from the ponds that relied on the natural food source. Commercially fed fish were grown indoors. Skinless muscles were obtained by dissected both sides of the 1-2 g bluegill. The results showed the lysine was the most abundant indispensable amino acids in muscles and hwole body of both the wild and the farm-raised fish. The proportion of an individual indispensable amino acid to the sum of all detectable amino acids amount was similar for whole body and muscles in wild or raised fish. For whole body or muscle tissue, wild fish contained significantly higher crude protein but lower crude lipid levels than farm-raised bluegill (p<0.05). This study suggested that nutritional history affected tissue proximate compositions.

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Aquaculture--Research, Bluegill--Physiology, Amino acids--Research, Bluegill--Feeding and feeds


Aquaculture and Fisheries

Amino Acid Profiles in the Tissues of Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) from the Wild and Commercially-fed Fish